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Thursday, November 24, 2005 

Untuk Korban Harta, Perlu Cari Harta

Begitulah tajuk utk artikel ni, nak korban harta perlu cari harta...

Jadi, sebaik-baiknya ialah melalui perniagaan...
come across dengan website ni, best... pasal islamic business


Halal Earnings
Islam, through the example of the Holy Prophet and the rightly guided caliphs, demonstrates the importance of trade or business. Abu Bakr ran a cloth business, ‘Umar had a corn trading business, and ‘Uthman also ran a cloth business. The Ansar among the Companions of the Prophet engaged in farming. In fact, except for the trades that have been prohibited (see table 1 below), Islam actively encourages Muslims to get involved in business and commerce.
Allah’s Messenger was asked what type of earning was best and replied, “A man’s work with his hand and every business transaction which is approved.” (Rafi ibn Khadij, Mishkat al Masabih, Hadith no. 2783)

Earning money through halal trade, therefore, is vastly preferred over begging. This principal is emphasized in the following hadith:
A man of the Ansar came to the Prophet and begged from him. The Prophet asked, “Have you nothing in your house?” He replied, “Yes, a piece of cloth, a part of which we wear and a part of which we spread (on the ground), and a wooden bowl from which we drink water.”
He said, “Bring them to me.” He then brought these articles to him and the Prophet took them in his hands and asked, “Who will buy these?” A man said, “I shall buy them for one dirham.” He said twice or thrice, “Who will offer more than one dirham?” A man said, “I shall buy them for two dirhams.”
He gave these to him and took the two dirhams and, giving them to the Ansari, he said, “Buy food with one of them and hand it to your family, and buy an ax and bring it to me.” He then brought it to him. The Apostle of Allah fixed a handle on it with his own hands and said, “Go gather firewood and sell it, and do not let me see you for a fortnight.” The man went away and gathered firewood and sold it. When he had earned ten dirhams, he came to him and bought a garment with some of them and food with the others.
The Apostle of Allah then said, “This is better for you than that begging should come as a spot on your face on the Day of Judgement. Begging is right only for three people: one who is in grinding poverty, one who is seriously in debt, or one who is responsible for compensation and finds it difficult to pay.” (Anas ibn Malik, Abu Dawud, hadith no. 1637)

Islamic Principals Pertaining Halal and Haram
The basic principal is the permissibility of things;
To make lawful and to prohibit is the right of Allah alone;
Prohibiting the halal and permitting the haram is similar to committing shirk;
The prohibition of things is due to their impurity and harmfulness;
What is halal is sufficient, while what is haram is superfluous;
Whatever is conducive to the haram is itself haram;
Falsely representing the haram as halal is prohibited;
Good intentions do not make the haram acceptable;
Doubtful things are to be avoided;
The haram is prohibited to everyone alike; and
Necessity dictates exceptions.
Source: Al Qaradawi, p.11.

Halal Forms of Work
Allah describes in the Qur’an (55:10-13) the process underlying agriculture and farming. How He sends rain down and how it flows throughout the earth making it fertile and ready for cultivation and how the winds play a role in scattering seeds, and how crops grow. This Qur’anic verse and many others (71:19-20; 80:24-28; 15:19-22) provide motivation for agricultural work.
Besides agriculture, Muslims are encouraged to develop proficiency in industries, crafts and professions that are instrumental to the survival and betterment of the community. In fact, development of these skills represent a fard kifayah. Imam al Ghazzali stresses this point, “Sciences whose knowledge is deemed fard kifayah comprise every area which is indispensable for the welfare of this world.” (Anas ibn Malik, Sahih al Bukhari, 3.513)
Many professions that are ordinarily looked down upon have been given dignity by Islam. For example, Moses worked as a hired hand for eight years to gain the hand of his future wife. The Prophet also worked as a Shepard for several years.
In general, then, Islam looks on work which fills a halal need in society as good provided that the person performs it in an Islamic Manner.

Haram Earnings
A partial list of businesses that Muslims should stay away from are as follows:
Trading in Alcohol – Alcohol consumption and trade is strictly prohibited.
Drug dealing and trading – ‘Umar ibn al Khattab defined the criteria for defining khamr as, “Khamr is what befogs the mind.”
Sculptors and artists – If they are engaged in producing pictures, statues, etc, as objects of worship or as objects to be likened to Allah’s creations are clearly forbidden in Islam.
Production and sale of haram goods – trading in goods for committing sins is haram such as pornography, hashish and the like, and idol manufacturing.
Prostitution – Islam prohibits this practice and the senseless exploitation of women.
Al Gharar – futures speculation in crops or animals not yet harvested or in your possession.
Some prohibited forms of sharecropping – where the sharecropping is considered mukhabarah, that is where the sharecropper stands the chance of not receiving his share of the crop if the crop fails to produce a specified weight.
The prohibition of the inequitable form of sharecropping mentioned above illustrates Islam’s preoccupation with the axioms of balance and benevolence. Both the land owner and the cultivator must behave equitably. Both parties must share in the gain or loss of crops. This is clearly fairer than leasing where the landlord collects rent no matter what, and the tenant may or may not harvest any produce.
For businesses not mentioned above, it is imperative that the reader consults with Muslims that are qualified jurists.

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